There was already a Jewish community in Gumbinnen in the 18th century. However, the number of Jews in Gumbinnen was always relatively small. Many settled here only temporarily. This fact is also reflected in the following information about the granting of city citizenship rights to Jews:
took the citizens’ oath:
The bourgeois and merchant Ludwig Daniel John (is a baptized Jew, originally called Daniel Joel, married Anna Maria Horn on May 20, 1803, had 10 children (5 sons, 5 daughters), all baptized and named John. As a “Christian” he was able to acquire the right to be a major citizen, which would not have been possible for him as a “Jew”.)
The merchant Jacob Moses
The Petschaft (kind of stamb) stabber Arendt Daniel Joel (34 years from Gumbinnen)
The teacher Jacob Götz ( 45 years from Stawischken)
The businessman Jacob Salomon Meyer (45 years from Krojanka in West Prussia)
The merchant Meyer, Jacob (26 years from Krojanka in West Prussia)
The merchant Joseph Meyer Marcuse (46 years from Tütz in West Prussia)
The merchant Samuel Schlesinger (51 years from Zülz Upper Silesia)
The merchant Jacob Feibusch Hell (30 years from Krojanka in West Prussia)
lost his civil rights on October 23, 1848.
The merchant Leiser Zoddeck (24 years from Flatow) moved to Königsberg.
The merchant Daniel Moses (21 years from Gumbinnen)
The merchant Mendel Nathan Zacharias (*10. September 1796 in Flatow in West Prussia), is then moved
The merchant Löbel Stlower (* 28. June1803 in Breslau), of Mosaic religion, was already a citizen in Stallupönen.
The merchant Hirsch Michaelis Rubert (36 years, from Tütz in West Prussia), of Mosaic faith, was previously a citizen of Wehlau.
The Slaughterer Salomon Schmul Birnbaum (41 years, from Mojonin, Duchy of Poland)
The merchant Theodor Flatow (*5 April 1807 in Flatow)
The merchant David Markuse, (*7. March 1809 in Tütz)
The merchant Coppel Simon Anders (*11 September 1810 in Gdansk)
The soap boiler assistant Meyer Cohn (*16 October 1809 in Märkisch Friedland)
The merchant Salomon Alexander (*26 July 1815 in Bartenstein).
He was declared a loser of his civil rights on October 23, 1848.
The merchant Joseph Alexander, (*8. April in Heilsberg), was previously a merchant in Stallupönen, owns real estate
The widow Keile Gumbinski, née Götz (*10. März1799 in Gumbinnen) drives distilling and dispensing fabrics.
The merchant Isaac Moses Lehmann (*7. July1818 in Goldap)
The merchant Joseph Hirschberg (*30. September1809 in Christburg) has done military service)
The gold and silver worker Louis Löwenson (26) has already acquired citizenship in Ragnit.
The private individual Levin Jacoby (51 years old) has already taken citizenship in Schirrwindt), owns real estate
The merchant Meyer Marcuse (*17.July 1826 in Gumbinnen).
in collaboration with Alina Gromova
Fritz Schütz: The Royal Prussian City Gumbinnen Raths- und Bürgerbuch. 1728-1852. Gumbinnen: Ostpreußischer Heimatverlag Gebr. Reimer 1940 (Special publications of the Verein für Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreußen e.V., No. 40)
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