80 years ago, the first deportation train, which brought Jews from Königsberg, Tilsit and Allenstein to their death in Minsk, headed for its terrible destination. On the evening of June 24 1942 men, women and children had boarded the wagons.
The town had almost an urban appearance because of the customs revenues and the lively trade with its hotels, inns and stores. The Memel River was the important transport and trade artery for timber and flax imports from the interior of the continent to the Baltic Sea (via the ports of Memel or Königsberg)
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This is therefore the first attempt to present the Jewish history of Mémel in words and pictures. It is obvious that the Litvaks, the Jews from Lithuania, were an integral part of the Memel community throughout the period. This publication is intended for all who are interested in Jewish history. The author hopes that it will help fill in the gaps in the history of the city of Klaipėda, the region and the Jewish minority.